Electronic Home Monitoring
The courts in Washington State use Electronic Home Monitoring (EHM) in DUI cases often. In extreme cases, a court, at the arraignment hearing, may impose EHM as a condition of release while the case is pending. That means a DUI defendant will be restricted to house arrest until the criminal court case concludes by either a settlement or a trial. This typically occurs with DUI defendants that have prior DUI criminal history. House arrest is also a mandatory DUI Penalty for second and third time offenders.
How House Arrest Works
House arrest, or home detention, restricts an individual to their home, but allows the individual to attend work or other functions like substance abuse treatment or medical appointments. The individual must wear a monitoring ankle bracelet at all times. The ankle bracelet communicates with a receiving device located inside the individual's home. This device has a limited receiving range and cannot be moved. Any tampering is immediately report to a monitoring station. The receiving device also reports when the ankle bracelet is within range or when it disappears from its range.
All of these activities are reported from the receiving device through the telephone lines to a monitoring station. The monitoring station records all activity and will report any suspicious conduct to the criminal court.
Some house arrest equipment even have a breath test device accessory. Every time the individual returns home from work they will be required to provide a breath sample. If the receiving device detects alcohol on the breath it will be reported immediately. Providing a breath sample that detects alcohol is a very good way to anger your sentencing or arraignment judge. It is highly recommended that you never anger the judge and in fact comply with every condition imposed by the court.
House Arrest Benefits
There are many benefits of the Electronic Home Monitoring program. It encourages compliance with court lifestyle restrictions, offers an alternative to jail confinement and ensures public safety by monitoring the alcohol consumption of those convicted of alcohol related crimes or of those awaiting disposition of the pending DUI court case.