Washington State DUI

DRE Guidelines

Washington State Drug Recognition Expert

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

DEFINITIONS

Standards for Certification as a Drug Recognition Expert

Standards for Certification as Drug Recognition Expert Instructor

Standards for Recertification

Standards for Decertification of DREs & Instructors

Standards for Reinstatement of a Decertified Drug Recognition Expert

Standards for Agency Participation

ADMINISTRATIVE GUIDELINES

DRUG EVALUATION AND CLASSIFICATION PROGRAM
ADMINISTRATIVE GUIDELINES
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CHIEFS OF POLICE

With grant assistance from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), the International Association of Chiefs of Police has developed certification standards and administers the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program. Under these administrative guidelines, it will be the responsibility of the individual and all coordinators to ensure that specific requirements of the standards are met. The staff at the IACP will be responsible for maintaining records, issuing certificates of completion, coordinating certain training-related events and maintaining and updating training materials as required.

The following procedures have been developed by the staff of the International Association of Chiefs of Police for use by agencies participating in the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program and wishing to certify drug recognition experts and instructors in their employ.

Obtaining certification as a drug recognition expert or DRE instructor ensures that an individual meets minimum requirements for training and experience as established by the IACP and the IACP Technical Advisory Panel. The Drug Evaluation and Classification Administrative Guidelines accompany the International Standards of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program.

For the certification process to operate efficiently, it is recommended that coordinators at the agency, and state, and regional levels be identified. The responsibilities of the coordinators may include reviewing the qualifications of the candidate DREs, supplying required documentation that minimum standards have been met, and maintaining individual and program records. The coordination functions may be performed by one person or may be divided among several persons, as operational needs demand.

1. NOTIFICATION OF CANDIDATE DRUG RECOGNITION EXPERTS

When an individual has completed all agency application requirements for admission for training as a drug recognition expert, the agency shall provide the following information to the appropriate coordinator:

1. Candidate's name
2. Mailing address
3. Sponsoring agency
4. Social security number
5. Verification that candidate has satisfactorily completed a NHTSA/IACP-approved course in Standardized Field Sobriety Testing

In addition, the appropriate DRE coordinator shall provide the above information to the agency or individual responsible for providing training to ensure that all students meet prerequisites prior to the beginning of the training phase:
State program coordinators shall forward to the IACP staff the above information on all candidate DREs at the following address:

International Association of Chiefs of Police
Division of State and Provincial Police
515 North Washington Street
Alexandria, VA 22314

2. OBTAINING CERTIFICATION AS A DRUG RECOGNITION EXPERT

All candidates for certification under the International Drug Evaluation and Certification Program must demonstrate completion of all requirements specified in Section I of the International Standards of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program. Each candidate's progress toward meeting certification requirements shall be documented on the “Certification Progress Log,” which shall be supplied to all appropriate DRE coordinators by the IACP staff. Each candidate shall be responsible for maintaining a certification progress log.

Completion of each step in the certification process shall be verified by the signature of at least one certified DRE instructor. Final recommendation for certification must be verified by the signatures of two certified instructors. Upon completion of all certification requirements, copies of the certification progress log shall be forwarded to the agency DRE coordinator and to the state coordinator. The state coordinator shall verify all information on the certification progress log and ensure that all entries are correct. The state coordinator shall forward to the IACP staff a copy of each candidate's completed certification progress log.

Upon receipt of the completed certification progress log, the IACP staff shall ensure that all necessary information is complete. Upon verifying that the information is complete, the IACP staff shall forward to the DRE state or TAP regional coordinator a certificate of completion and an identification card signifying that the candidate has met or exceeded all requirements for certification as a drug recognition expert. In the event that proper documentation is not provided, notification will be sent to the state coordinator indicating the specific reasons(s) for non-qualification.

The IACP staff shall maintain records of all certified DREs. Each record will contain the following information:

1. Name
2. Social Security Number
3. Department/agency
4. Mailing address
5. Telephone number
6. Dates of all events specified on the progress log
7. Name(s) of instructors verifying completion of training events
8. Date certificate is awarded
9. Date certification expires

3. OBTAINING CERTIFICATION AS DRE INSTRUCTOR

Candidates for certification as DRE instructors must demonstrate that they meet all requirements specified in Section II of the International Standards of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program. The candidate instructor’s progress toward completing certification requirements shall be documented on the form, “DRE Instructor’s Certification Progress Log,” which shall be supplied by IACP staff to all appropriate DRE coordinators. The individual candidate DRE instructor shall be responsible for maintaining the log.

Completion of each step in the instructor certification phase shall be verified by at least one certified DRE instructor. Upon completion of all certification requirements, copies of the DRE instructor's certification progress log shall be forwarded to the agency DRE coordinator and to the state DRE coordinator. The state DRE coordinator, after verifying that all information on the logs is complete and accurate, shall forward copies of all completed instructors' certification progress logs to the IACP staff.

Upon receipt of the instructor certification progress log, the IACP staff shall verify that all information on the log is complete. Upon verification, the IACP staff shall forward to the state coordinator a certificate of completion signifying that the candidate meets or exceeds all requirements of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program as a DRE instructor. The IACP staff shall send notification to the state coordinators that the instructor has been certified. In the event that the instructor does not meet all requirements for certification, notification will be sent to the state coordinators indicating the specific reason(s) for non-qualification.

The IACP staff will maintain records of all certified DRE instructors. Each record will contain the following information:

1. Name
2. Social Security Number
3. Department/agency
4. Mailing address
5. Telephone number
6. Dates of all training events specified in the progress log
7. Name(s) of instructors verifying completion of training events
8. Date certificate was awarded
9. All pertinent information relating to the instructor’s experience and credentials

Drug recognition expert instructors shall maintain certification as long as DRE certification is maintained.
State coordinators will maintain a list of persons designated as associate instructors or as instructor trainers for the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program. In order that the list for instructors and associate instructors may be kept current and, therefore, of use to the participants, agencies hosting DRE training events (pre-schools, DRE training, instructor schools) should provide the state coordinator a list of all instructors and their instruction assignments.

4. PROCEDURES FOR RECERTIFICATION OF DRUG RECOGNITION EXPERTS AND DRE INSTRUCTORS

As specified in Section III of the International Standards of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program, all drug recognition experts must be recertified every two years following original certification.DRE instructors shall maintain their instructor certification as long as DRE certification remains in effect. All applicable recertification standards for DREs shall apply to DRE instructors.

The following process will be utilized to ensure timely notification and compliance with recertificationrequirements:

1. Eighteen (18) months following the date of original certification, the IACP will send a renewal advisory notice to state DRE coordinators.
2. The DRE shall forward to his state coordinator evidence of completion of all recertification requirements as well as a recertification form signed by his agency coordinator. The state coordinator, after signing the recertification form, will forward a copy to IACP staff.
3. Upon notification that a person has met all requirements under section III of the International Standards of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program, IACP staff shall issue a card recertifying the DRE for a period of two years.

In the event that information verifying completion of recertification requirements is not received by the IACP staff prior to the expiration of certification, the IACP staff will notify the state coordinators that certification has expired. Following expiration of certification, the DRE may renew certification without penalty for a period of one year by providing proof of completion of recertification requirements. A decertified DRE wishing to be reinstated following the expiration of the one-year grace period must complete all training and certification requirements enumerated in Section V of the International Standards of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program.

5. DECERTIFICATION OF DRUG RECOGNITION EXPERTS

Decertification of a drug recognition expert may take place if one or more of the following conditions exist:

1. The requirements as enumerated in Section III of the International Standards of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program are not met by the individualDRE, allowing certification to lapse.
2. A DRE voluntarily requests decertification.
3. There is evidence of poor performance, inconsistent findings, or other acts on the part of the DRE that reflect discredit upon the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program.

In the case of a lapse of certification, the procedures in Section 4 of the Administrative Procedures shall be followed.

A DRE wishing to be decertified shall submit a written request through the appropriate agency and state coordinators to the IACP staff. Upon receipt of approval of the request by the state DRE coordinator, IACP staff shall remove the name of the individual from the list of certified DREs.

Agency DRE coordinators shall monitor the performance of DREs within their agencies and shall investigate complaints arising from their activities in the drug evaluation area. When, in the opinion of the agency coordinator, and with the approval of the agency head or his designee, a DRE’s actions warrant decertification, the agency shall notify the state coordinator that the DRE is no longer certified within that agency.

Nothing in this procedure should be construed as to prevent an agency from following internal disciplinary or administrative personnel procedures. The IACP staff will maintain records of all decertified DREs and the reason(s) for decertification.

6. APPROVAL OF DRUG RECOGNITION TRAINING CURRICULA

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) have developed a course of instruction to train police officers in the techniques of drug recognition. This course of training has been adopted by the IACP as the minimum training requirement for certification for DREs and DRE instructors. NHTSA and IACP are responsible for revising and updating the DRE training curricula.
The course of instruction adopted by the IACP requires a total of seventy-two hours of classroom instruction followed by field certification during which a candidate must participate in a minimum of twelve drug evaluations. In the course of the required drug evaluations, a candidate must encounter and correctly identify subjects under the influence of at least three different categories of drugs. The complete requirements for certification as a DRE are enumerated in Section I of the International Standards of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program.

In recent years, several training programs have been developed by police agencies and commercial training institutions with the aim of training individuals to detect persons impaired by drugs. A number of agencies currently utilize portions of the NHTSA/IACP approved program or variations of it in teaching officers the techniques of detecting the drug-impaired driver.

Section I of the International Standards of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program requires that a candidate for certification complete “...an approved classroom training course which shall, at minimum, achieve the learning objectives as stated in the IACP approved training curriculum.” The Highway Safety Committee of the IACP is charged with overseeing the operation and development of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program. In order to maintain the high standards of the program, the committee has established the Technical Advisory Panel. Responsibilities of this panel, appointed by the IACP Highway Safety Committee, include the review of proposed alternative training programs to determine whether or not course content and learning objectives are consistent with approved standards.

Organizations wishing to submit proposed training curricula for review and approval as equivalent programs for the purpose of certifying individuals as drug recognition experts shall submit lesson plans, visual aids and any other required materials to the IACP staff. The IACP staff will submit the proposed course to the Technical Advisory Panel for evaluation. Courses that meet applicable standards and learning objectives shall be termed as equivalent courses. Completion of said courses shall qualify the candidate for certification as a DRE.


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