Washington State DUI

Drug Recognition Expert Executive Summary

Drug DUIs are on the rise in the State of Washington. Law enforcement must receive training in order to effectively investigate and arrest those suspected of Driving Under the Influence of drugs. The IACP and NHTSA created a process to detect those impaired by drugs. A Drug Recognition Expert is a police officer that has receive such training. There are few DRE police officers in Washington. The certification program begins below.

The International Standards Of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program

A Product of The DEC Standards Revision Subcommittee
Of the Technical Advisory Panel
Of the IACP Highway Safety Committee
Revised June 2, 1999




Standards for Certification as a Drug Recognition Expert

Standards for Certification as Drug Recognition Expert Instructor

Standards for Recertification

Standards for Decertification of DREs & Instructors

Standards for Reinstatement of a Decertified Drug Recognition Expert

Standards for Agency Participation



Since 1984, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has supported the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program. The program which was initially developed by the Los Angeles, California, Police Department, was validated through both laboratory and field studies conducted by Johns Hopkins University. In 1987, the Highway Safety Committee of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) was requested by NHTSA to participate in the development and national expansion of the program. As the program grew, it became apparent that in order to ensure continued success, nationally accepted standards needed to be established. These standards, which establish criteria for the selection, training and certification of drug recognition experts, helped to ensure the continued high level of performance of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program. In 1988, NHTSA asked the IACP and its Highway Safety Committee to develop this system of nationally accepted standards.

In March of 1989, the IACP and NHTSA sponsored a meeting at the Transportation Safety Institute in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Persons invited to this meeting included experienced drug recognition experts, instructors, curriculum specialists, toxicologists, prosecutors and training administrators. The participants met in working groups to reach consensus concerning the many issues relating to the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program and to develop recommended minimum standards to the Highway Safety Committee. The standards were drafted and presented to the committee for review at its mid-year meeting in June 1989. In addition, the committee agreed to name a Drug Evaluation andClassification Technical Advisory Panel to assist and advise the committee concerning technical aspects relating to the operation of the program.

The Highway Safety Committee, by resolution, adopted the Interim National Standards of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program. The standards were subsequently approved by the voting membership of the IACP. The standards were adopted on an interim basis pending the outcome of an evaluation of the effectiveness of the program to be performed by NHTSA. In October 1992, the standards were officially approved and adopted. Revisions and updates are periodically made to the standards.

Presented in this document are standards specifying the requirements for certification and recertification of DREs and DRE instructors; standards for decertification and reinstatement; and standards for agency participation. Also, for those agencies participating in the program, a set of administrative guidelines is provided.

These standards, when adopted by other countries, will be administered pursuant to their political structure.

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